Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds.
Linux was originally developed as a free operating system for Intel x86-based personal computers. It has since been ported to more computer hardware platforms than any other operating system. It is a leading operating system on servers and other big iron systems such as mainframe computers and supercomputers. More than 90% of today’s 500 fastest supercomputers run some variant of Linux, including all the 10 fastest ones.
Infradapt utilizes Linux extensively in internal applications and dedicated appliances throughout our customer’s networks.
|Red Hat, Inc.
Red Hat, Inc. (Red Hat) is engaged in providing open source software solutions to the enterprise, including its Red Hat Enterprise Linux and JBoss Enterprise Middleware.
Red Hats software solutions consist of Red Hat enterprise technologies, such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux, JBoss Enterprise Middleware and Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization.
Redhat offers operating systems and virtualization options for mainframes, servers, work stations and desktops that support multiple application areas, including software as a service, cloud deployments, edge-of-network applications, information technology infrastructure, mainframe computing, data centers, technical/developer workstations and corporate desktops.
CentOS (Community ENTerprise Operating System) is a operating system distribution based upon the Linux kernel.
It is derived entirely from the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) distribution.
CentOS exists to provide an enterprise class computing platform and strives to maintain 100% binary compatibility with its upstream source, Red Hat. CentOS is one of the most popular and reliable Linux distribution for web servers, with almost 30% of all Linux web servers using it.
Debian is a computer operating system composed of software packages and open source software released primarily under the GNU General Public License. It includes the GNU OS tools and Linux kernel.
Debian is a popular and influential Linux distribution known for relatively strict adherence to the philosophies of Unix software development and testing processes.
Debian can be used on a variety of hardware, from laptops and desktops to NAS devices, phones, and servers. It focuses on stability and security and is used as a base for many other distributions.
Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution and distributed as free and open source software, using its own desktop environment.It is named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu (“humanity towards others”) more specifically “the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity”.Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution on desktop/laptop personal computers.
Development of Ubuntu is led by Canonical, Ltd., a UK-based company owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.
Fedora, formerly Fedora Core, is an RPM-based, general purpose Linux distribution containing software, an operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and owned by Red Hat.
One of Fedora’s main objectives is to be on the leading edge of open source software technologies. Fedora developers prefer to make upstream changes instead of applying fixes specifically for Fedora, this ensures that their updates are available to all Linux distributions.
A version of Fedora has a relatively short life cycle the maintenance period is only 13 months while this promotes leading-edge software, because it frees developers from some backward compatibility restraints, it also makes Fedora a poor choice for product development that requires long-term vendor-support.